by Craig Davenhage

Developing the youth

Zuma believes that youth development will benefit the country

40% of those who are economically active under the age of 30 are unemployed
Developing the youth

Investing in South Africa's youth and paying particular attention to their skills development is key to the country's future economic growth, says President Jacob Zuma.

Speaking at the Commonwealth Conference on Education and Training of Youth Workers at the University of South Africa (Unisa), he said the world would only prosper if there were dedicated efforts to invest in the youth.

This was especially important at a time when young people faced hardships including high unemployment, crime and health challenges such as HIV/Aids.

Zuma said the 5th summit of the BRICS (Brazil, Russia, India, China and South Africa) grouping, taking place in Durban, will help promote youth development in South Africa and on the continent as a whole.

He said the BRICS partner countries appreciated the urgency of the youth employment and empowerment drive. "We are certain that BRICS will contribute immensely to satisfying the employment and development needs of our young population."

Zuma noted that the 2008-09 financial crisis had resulted in rising joblessness and poverty and worsening income inequality internationally, particularly among the youth.

He quoted research by the Organisation for Economic Co-operation and Development (OECD) and the African Development Bank, showing that more than 40% of those who are economically active and under the age of 30 were unemployed.

While this was worrying, Zuma said he believed there was hope for the situation, noting that the OECD report showed that countries with younger populations had better growth prospects than those with ageing populations.

"This makes us very optimistic regarding our growth prospects, since South Africa's Census 2011 report, released last year, revealed that our country is essentially a nation of young people. Just over a third of the population is under the age of 15.

"This makes us a nation with a future, and we must utilise all available resources to build that future."

Zuma said South Africa's focus on improving the quality of education was well-placed, as this would ensure sustainable development.

The three-day conference brings together participants from across the Commonwealth member states for three days to deliberate on 40 years of progress in education and training toward professionalising youth work.

Zuma said he hoped the conference would go a long way toward raising awareness around youth work, so that its practitioners could be recognised accordingly.

Unisa principal and vice chancellor, Mandla Makhanya, said the stakeholders involved in the conference sought to contribute to the professionalisation of the youth development practice through partnerships.

Speaker after speaker highlighted the need to support the process of youth work professionalisation. Some noted with concern that youth development programmes in South African universities had been phased out.

Highlighting the need for the international recognition of youth work as a profession, Professor Howard Sercombe of the University of Strathclyde in Glasgow, Scotland said recognition of youth work was growing in different sections of the working world.

He said if the world were to change the lives of young people, the social context within which this could happen had to change.

Prof. Sercombe had words of encouragement for young people, saying they should take charge of their own futures, and not expect the government to do everything for them. "You cannot become anything, but you can become something," he said.

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Issue 58